Ahmad bin Muhammad ibn Ajibah

Ahmad ibn Ajiba (1747–1809) was an 18th-century Moroccan saint in the Darqawa Sufi Islamic lineage. He was born of a Hasani sharif family i...

Ahmad ibn Ajiba (1747–1809) was an 18th-century Moroccan saint in the Darqawa Sufi Islamic lineage. He was born of a Hasani sharif family in the Anjra tribe that ranges from Tangiers to Tetuan along the Mediterranean coast of Morocco. As a child he developed a love of knowledge, memorizing the Qur'an and studying subjects ranging from Classical Arabic grammar, religious ethics, poetry, Qur'anic recitation and tafsir. When he reached the age of eighteen he left home and undertook the study of exoteric knowledge in Qasr al-Kabir under the supervision of Sidi Muhammad al-Susi al-Samlali. It was here that he was introduced to studies in the sciences, art, philosophy, law and Qur'anic exegesis in depth. He went to Fes to study with Ibn Souda, Bennani, and El-Warzazi, and joined the new Darqawiyya in 1208 AH (1793), of which he was the representative in the northern part of the Jbala region. He spent his entire life in and around Tetuan, and died of the plague in 1224 AH (1809). He is the author of a considerable number of works and a Fahrasa which provides interesting information concerning the intellectual center that Tetuan had become by the beginning of the 19th century.
احمد بن عجیبہ اٹھارویں صدی عیسوی میں مراکشی نژاد صوفی تھے۔ وہ طنجة -- تطوان  کے ایک قبیلے کے فرد تھے۔ بچپن میں ہی انہوں نے اپنی فطری علم دوست طبیعت کی بنا پر قرآن حفظ کرلیا اور کم سنی میں ہی بہت سے علوم جیسا کہ عربی ادب، صرف و نحو ، انشاءپردازی پر عبور حاصلی کرلیا۔ بعد ازاں 18 سال کی عمر میں انہوں نے مزید تعلیم کے حصول کیلئے گھر چھوڑا اور محمد السوسي السملالي,  الشيخ عبد الرحمن الكتامي، الشيخ العربي الزوادي اورالفقيه محمد أشم والشيخ جیسے علماء کرام کے پاس زانوئے تلمذ تہہ کیا۔ اور سائنس، فنون، فلسفہ، قانون، شریعت اور قرآن کے علوم میں رسوخ حاصل کیا۔ انہوں اپنی عمر کا بیشتر حصہ تطوان کے مضافات میں ہی گزارا۔ ان کا انتقال 1224 ہجری بمطابق 1809 عیسوی میں طاعون کی وبا پھیلنے کی وجہ سے ہوا۔ انہوں نے نہائت  اعلیٰ درجہ کی کتب تحریر کیں جو کہ سند کے اعتبار سے بھی اعلیٰ مقام کی حامل ہیں۔

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